in the 1860s the Senator Mine was one of
the longest successful mining operations
even though Apache Indian attacks halted
work from time to time. Mine tunnels
extend over 3 miles into the mountains
including many side tunnels and shafts.
A stamp mill was built to process the
abundant copper, gold, lead, and zinc.
Remember, stay out of mines as they are
To see photographs of the inside of this
The mining camp was built along the
steep banks of the Hassayampa River. In
the early years, it contained a saloon,
a store, tent homes, and a boarding
house. During the 1890's, Phelps Dodge
purchased the mine and the camp became a
small town. The town was expanded and
included hotels, restaurants, more
saloons, a church, and a school.
A dam was constructed on the Hassayampa
to hold water for mining operations and
provide the town’s drinking water. Later
the town spread along the Senator
Highway and the river and was referred
to as "Senator" or "Maxton".
In 1901, an official US post office was
added. In 1903, a labor strike closed
the mine. World War I brought a boom
with the need of raw materials for the
war effort. Good times continued into
the 1930's. Operations halted resulting
into a ghost mine and town.
One can visit this location today and
old foundations, mines, mining equipment
and other relics can be found if you’re
diligent. The location is easy to find
as it sits right along the Senator
Highway south of Groom Creek. See our
map for location: